Reiner Martin joined the JVI as a Lead Economist in September 2018, after previously being Deputy Head of the European Central Bank’s Macroprudential Policy Division. In this role he was responsible for assessing financial stability risks and the macroprudential policy stance in euro area countries and was closely involved in the ECB’s work on non-performing loans (NPLs). In previous positions at the ECB, Reiner played a key role in the ECB’s stress testing activities and its’ crisis management work. From 2008-10 he worked at the Oesterreichische Nationalbank, conducting research on economic and financial developments in emerging markets with a focus on CESEE. Prior to this he was heading the ECB’s Convergence Section, responsible for analyzing economic and financial developments in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE). Reiner holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Hamburg (Germany) and Master degrees in Economics and Political Science from the Universities of Sussex and Bristol (UK).